The Fortress of Tešanj is one of the biggest and most significant fortifications of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was a logical choice for our contribution to MANN+HUMMEL’s time capsule. As part of our 75th Anniversary celebrations, our company is collecting essentials from all of our locations around the world.
The Fortress is the first thing you see when approaching Tešanj and is synonymous with the city itself. Constructed in typical Bosnian style, the walled area covers 6,296 square meters and overlooks the city of the same name, nestled in the valley below.
Opening up the essential’s two doors, you’ll find a depiction of the Fortress and its famous two towers. It is not exactly known when the Fortress was first established, but its strategic position meant it has had various rulers over time. Construction began during the time of Illyrians and the fortifications were extended by the Romans, Slavs, and Turks.
The upper part of the fortified settlement is known as Kapetanova kula (Captain’s Tower). There is written documentation of its existence dating back to the year 1461, when the last ruler of the medieval Bosnian Kingdom Stjepan Tomašević bestowed the tower to his uncle Radivoj. Later, based on archaeological excavations, it was determined that the tower is actually much older and dates from even earlier.
The second tower, Dizdareva kula (Dizdar’s Tower), was built in 1747. It is named after the then governor of the tower. The lower part of the Fortress beneath both towers was built in the Ottoman period. The Ottomans governed Bosnia from 1463 to 1878 and were in almost constant battle with the neighbouring Austrian Empire. During the Imperial Army’s invasion, Prince Eugene of Savoy, having completely burned down Sarajevo in November 1697, tried and eventually failed to occupy the Fortress. It is remarkable that the Fortress of Tešanj, in classic military terms, was never conquered during its long history. Its geostrategic position meant that everyone who tried to conquer the Fortress had to eventually give up.
Today, this architectural monument is under State’s protection, and reconstruction and restoration of the Fortress’ towers, casemates, gates, entrances, tunnels and other parts are often carried out. It is a popular tourist destination and, if you ever visit, you’ll find in the Dizdar’s Tower, a permanent exhibition of significant artefacts telling the history of the Fortress.
The Fortress represents an essential element of the city of Tešanj and we`re delighted it will be included in MANN+HUMMEL´s time capsule. We cannot claim to be as well established, as MANN+HUMMEL BA was only founded in 2005. However, the company has been present in of Tešanj since 1974 as the Unico Filter supplied the Yugoslav car market with filter products. Today, Unico Filter branded products produced by MANN+HUMMEL in Tešanj are well known throughout south east Europe.